Millets are the ancient staple food of India, particularly South India. Browntop millets or signalgrass, which is also commonly known as small millets, is the rarest among all the millets. It is used as both human food and fodder.
Being the native Indian food, Browntop millets grow abundantly in the dryland tracts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh borders, covering regions of Chitradurga, Tumkur, and Chikkaballapura districts in Karnataka and some areas in Ananthapuram, Andhra Pradesh. Browntop millets are termed as Andu Korra in Telugu and Korale in Kannada. These millets can be grown on degraded soils with a very little amount of water. The millets are also grown in some parts of north-central India.
Furthermore, these Korale are drought hardy and heat tolerant, and its shadow tolerant nature makes it distinct from the other crops. Apart from India, Korale are also grown in the United States, western Asia, Africa, Arabia, Australia, and China.
The practice of growing browntop millet under the shade of tamarind tree is prevalent in places like Madhugiri, Pavagada, and Sira in Karnataka. In these regions, millets are consumed as a staple food.
Benefits Of Browntop Millets / Andu Korralu/ Korale
Millets are acidic in nature, and they are gluten-free, and these detoxify our bodies. A considerable portion of the Andu Korralu is in the form of non-starchy polysaccharides and dietary fiber.
The health benefits of the Andu Korralu includes
- Treating coronary artery disorder
- Reduces the risk of colon cancer
- Helps in weight loss
- Helps in lowering high blood pressure
- Controls diabetes
- Niacin (Vitamin B3) in the Andu Korralu help in lowering cholesterol.
- Helps in preventing Celiac disease
- Reduces the risk of gastrointestinal conditions like colon cancer or gastric ulcers, stomach issues such as bloating, excess gas, constipation, and cramping.
- It is a good source of antioxidants
- Helps in slowing down muscle degradation
- Aids breast milk production
- Helps in relieving menstrual cramps
- Reduces respiratory conditions like asthma
- Improves skin elasticity.
- Browntop millets help in optimizing liver, kidney, and immune system health.
Nutritional Values Of Browntop Millets / Andu Korralu/ Korale
The nutritional analysis of Browntop millet shows that 100 gm of Brown Top millet contains 8.89 grams of protein, 11.9 grams of moisture, 1.89 grams of fat, 71.32 grams of carbohydrate, 8.20 grams of crude fiber, and 338.0 Kcal of energy. The mineral compositions of Korale include 28.0 mg calcium, 7.72 mg iron, 276 mg phosphorous, 60.0 mg potassium, 94.5 mg magnesium, 1.99 mg manganese, 7.60 mg sodium, 2.5 mg zinc, and 1.23 mg copper.
How To Consume Browntop Millets / Andu Korralu/ Korale
You can include browntop millets in your everyday diet in many forms. Instead of getting bored eating them in a single form, you can make many different recipes out of it.
In India, in the form of a meal, Korale can be consumed as roti, khichdi, and rice. For breakfast, you can make it as batter and prepare idly and dosa. Also, grind it coarsely and prepare it as Upma or Kheer.
Though Browntop millets have a lot of benefits people still delay consuming them because of some reasons. Taste of the Browntop millet food is the top reason among them.
And some people start eating the Millet food but stop them because of the taste.
Here we list the ideas of getting used to the taste (from my expeirence) instead of switching immediately.
- Mixed Rice
- Cook Browntop millet rice by mixing with normal rice you’re consuming daily. With this, you’re not losing the taste of normal rice immediately.
- Mix with Green Gram (Pesara Pappu) and cook the rice this is tasty just like Pongal, Pulagam.
- Breakfast items – You can make Dosa, Upma and other breakfast items and you’ll enjoy the taste and health benefits together.
Browntop Millets have very good medicinal value. India is now again getting back to the mainstream of Indian food culture. It will help in solving several issues related to food, malnutrition, and many more, which are turning out to be one of the main current problems in India.